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Akashiwo sanguinea CCCM 885


Principle Investigator(s) Juan Saldarriaga
External sample IDAksang
NCGR Sample IDMMETSP0223_2
Sample accession numberCAM_SMPL_002482
Assembly accession numberCAM_ASM_000300
Combined Assembly NameN/A
StrainCCCM 885
Prelim. NCBI Taxon ID143672
18S rRNA
Importance of organism and transcriptomesAkashiwo sanguinea is a common bloom-forming dinoflagellate that has been implicated in fish kills. It is at best a nuisance organism, but in 2009 it was shown to produce proteinaceous surfactants that caused sea bird feathers to saturate with water; many birds died subsequently of hypothermia (Jessup et al. 2009). Morphologically it is very much gymnodinialean, but phylogenetic trees based on rRNA genes have not been able to place the genus with any degree of certainty. Nevertheless it does not seem to be a member of the Gymnodinium clade.
Additional citations and referencesJessup, David A.; Miller, Melissa A.; Ryan, John P.; Nevins, Hannah M.; Kerkering, Heather A.; Mekebri, Abdou; Crane, David B.; Johnson, Tyler A.; Kudela, Raphael M. (2009): Mass-stranding of marine birds caused by a surfactant-producing red tide. PLoS One 4: e4550
Environmental Data
Primary citation for organism's characterization, if availableDaugbjerg, N., Hansen, G., Larsen, J. & Moestrup, ?. (2000). Phylogeny of some of the major genera of dinoflagellates based on ultrastructure and partial LSU rDNA sequence data, including the erection of three new genera of unarmoured dinoflagellates. Phycologia 39: 302-317.
Collection date20-JUL-58
Sample collection siteGreat South Bay, Long Island, New York
Sample material (e.g. "seawater," "sediment," etc.)seawater
Habitatmarine habitat
Experimental Data
Date of experiment02-JUN-11
Growth mediumHESNW
Modifications to growth mediumno silica
Temperature (ºC)18
Salinty (psu)30
Light (µmol photons / m2 / sec)3800
Day portion of day:night cycle in hours14
Night portion of day:night cycle in hours10
Nitrate (μmol/L)3
Ammonium (μmol/L).11
Phosphate (μmol/L).3
Investigation typeEukaryotes